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What was the Jim Crow era?

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Submitted : 2018-06-14 21:36:44    Popularity:     

Tags: Jim  Crow  era  

Im not american nor did we learn about this in school of where i live (Europe)

Answers:

This is the era in which racial segregation was enforced by law in some states. Racial segregation did exist in many parts of the US, but it was enforced by custom, not law until late in the 19th century when Southern states begin to enact laws requiring racial segregation in various public facilities, schools, transportation, and so forth. This lasted until the 1950s when the Supreme Court ruled such laws unconstitutional. Informal segregation and discrimination persist unto the present day, although it is illegal.

It was an era when segregation of black people from white people was legal and discrimination against people based on their skin color was legal.

the Jim Crow laws were laws that legally enforced segregation, they differed by state. Starting about 1890 with a separate but equal status and ending in 1965.

The "Jim Crow" era describes the period between the end of the Civil War in 1865 to the middle to late 1950s, following the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark "Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka" in 1954. Specifically, it relates to the legality of institutionalized racial segregation.

In short, the accepted "solution" to the racial inequalities of the post-Civil War era, as upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court, was a concept known as "separate but equal." During that time, the state's responsibility was seen as being to assure that minorities (specifically black Americans) had "equality of opportunity" as opposed to "equality of access."

In other words, as long as blacks had their own public schools funded by public funds, as long as they had their own restaurants, colleges, social clubs, markets and motels, the Court ruled that the state had no role in allowing or forcing them into places deemed "whites only" by their operators.

Although the term "Jim Crow" is almost entirely attributed to racial discrimination in the South, the concept of "separate but equal" existed across the USA, especially in the Northeast where "whites only" hotels and seating existed well into the 1960s.

It was basically legal racial discrimination in the south. Blacks couldn’t sit in the front of the bus. They couldn’t use the same public restrooms that whites used. They couldn’t sit in the same area as whites in a restaurant.

https://www.google.com/search?source=hp&...

It was basically when businesses had the right under individual state laws to refuse service to someone based on their race. This caused large sections of the population to be segregated from one another. When it ended, we bused blacks into white schools and neighborhoods, and to this day we have the Urban Housing of Development which works constantly to put black people into white neighborhoods in order to "diversify" the neighborhoods.

So we went from one extreme to the other it would seem.



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